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Gabapentin

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: GraliseT;Neurontin®
    • Brand Names: Canada: Apo-Gabapentin®;CO Gabapentin;Dom-Gabapentin;Mylan-Gabapentin;Neurontin®;PHL-Gabapentin;PMS-Gabapentin;PRO-Gabapentin;RANT-Gabapentin;ratio-Gabapentin;Riva-Gabapentin;Teva-Gabapentin
    • Mexican Brand Names: Bapex;Blugat;Gabantin;Gapridol;Neurontin;Nopatic
    • Pharmacologic Category: Anticonvulsant, Miscellaneous;GABA Analog

    Uses
    • It is used to stop or control seizures.
    • It is used to treat painful nerve diseases.
    • It is used to treat restless leg syndrome.
    • It is used to treat hot flashes.
    • Gabapentin calms the brain.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Take as you have been told, even if you are feeling better.
    • Fast release:
    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • There is a liquid (solution) if you cannot swallow pills.
    • Those who have feeding tubes may also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given.
    • Extended release tablets:
    • Take with the evening meal.
    • Do not chew, break, or crush.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store capsules and tablets at room temperature.
    • Store liquid (solution) in a refrigerator. Do not freeze.
    • Protect capsules and tablets from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Protect from light.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Please read the medication guide.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to gabapentin or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.

    Precautions

    • Wear disease medical alert ID (identification).
    • Do not run out of this drug.
    • Follow laws about driving with a seizure problem.
    • If you have been taking this drug for many weeks, talk with your doctor before stopping. You may want to slowly stop this drug.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have mental illness, talk with your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Do not take antacids within 2 hours of this drug.
    • You may not be alert. Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Avoid beer, wine, mixed drinks, or other drugs and natural products that slow your actions.
    • This drug is not the same as gabapentin enacarbil (HorizantT). Do not use in its place. Talk with your doctor.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling lightheaded, sleepy, having blurred eyesight, or a change in thinking clearly. Avoid driving and doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert or have clear eyesight until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Be careful climbing.
    • Change in balance.
    • Shakiness.
    • Weight gain.
    • Swelling in the arms or legs.
    • Problems with how one acts.
    • Emotional ups and downs.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Hostility.

    Monitoring

    • Change in the health problem being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?
    • Follow up with the doctor.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.5°F (38°C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
    • Signs of low mood (depression), thoughts of killing yourself, nervousness, emotional ups and downs, thinking that is not normal, anxiety, or lack of interest in life.
    • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • Feeling very tired or weak.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • If seizures are worse or not the same after starting this drug.
    • Any bruising or bleeding.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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