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Levetiracetam

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • U.S. Brand Names: Keppra XRT;Keppra®
    • Canadian Brand Names: Apo-Levetiracetam®;CO Levetiracetam;Dom-Levetiracetam;Keppra®;PHL-Levetiracetam;PMS-Levetiracetam;PRO-Levetiracetam
    • Mexican Brand Names: Keppra
    • Pharmacologic Category: Anticonvulsant, Miscellaneous

    Uses
    • This medicine is used to prevent or control seizures.
    • This medicine is used to treat manic depression.
    • Levetiracetam calms the brain.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • This medicine is used in combination with other seizure medicine.
    • Take prescription as directed, even if you are feeling better.
    • Take this medicine with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • Swallow tablet whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
    • A liquid (solution) is available if you cannot swallow pills.
    • Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given.
    • Injection:
    • This medicine is given as a shot into a vein.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as possible.
    • If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.
    • Do not take a double dose or extra doses.
    • Do not change dose or stop medicine. This could cause seizures. Talk with healthcare provider.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from moisture. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Please read the medication guide.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to levetiracetam or any other part of this medicine.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • Do not run out of this medicine.
    • Wear disease medical alert identification.
    • Follow laws about driving with a seizure condition.
    • If you have been taking this medicine for several weeks, talk with healthcare provider before stopping. You may want to gradually withdraw this medicine.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with healthcare provider.
    • If you have mental illness or thoughts of suicide, talk with healthcare provider.
    • Check medicines with healthcare provider. This medicine may not mix well with other medicines.
    • You may not be alert. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities until you see how this medicine affects you.
    • Avoid alcohol (includes wine, beer, and liquor) or other medicines and natural products that slow your actions and reactions.
    • Tell healthcare provider if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling lightheaded, sleepy, having blurred vision, or a change in thinking clearly. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities that require you to be alert or have clear vision until you see how this medicine affects you, usually improves after 1 month.
    • Headache.
    • Cough.
    • Change in balance.
    • Mood changes.
    • Runny nose.
    • Sore throat.
    • Feeling tired or weak.
    • Nausea or vomiting. Small frequent meals, frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Emotional ups and downs.
    • Risk of infection. Avoid people with infections, colds, or flu.

    Monitoring

    • Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?
    • Follow up with healthcare provider.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or emergency department immediately.
    • Signs of a life-threatening reaction. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; fits; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Signs or symptoms of infection. These include a fever of 100.5 degrees or higher, chills, severe sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, increased sputum or change in color, painful urination, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
    • Signs or symptoms of depression, suicidal thoughts, nervousness, emotional ups and downs, abnormal thinking, anxiety, or lack of interest in life.
    • Severe nausea or vomiting.
    • Feeling extremely tired or weak.
    • If seizures are worse or different after starting medicine.
    • Unusual bruising or bleeding.
    • Any rash.
    • No improvement in condition or feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.
    • Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.
    • Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada return any unused drugs back to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th for more facts about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).
    • Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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